Preventive mission plan
To maximize the life and performance of your vehicle, here is a list of items to check according to the time and season. Some of these parts of your vehicle should be checked regularly, and others only in the long term. Be sure to follow the maintenance schedule and the service interval log of your vehicle.
It takes some effort to maintain and keep your car in good condition, but you don’t need to be a mechanical genius to keep the car running. The biggest obstacle is knowing what needs to be done and how often to do it for optimal vehicle maintenance. If you know the basics of what your car needs and when you should do routine vehicle maintenance, make sure your car is in optimal condition.
As an additional bonus, if you can prove that your vehicle has been well maintained, you can request the best price when it is time to resell it. And, of course, it is important to remember that car maintenance costs, although not always cheap, can help you avoid costly repairs in the future.
To facilitate the monitoring of your car’s maintenance program, we have created a simple and downloadable car maintenance checklist to help you keep track of your automotive maintenance.
For proper maintenance of the vehicle, inspect the following:
OIL LEVELS AND REFRIGERANT
Every month, or every few gas refills and especially before any road trip, it is a good idea to get under the hood of your car and inspect the oil and coolant levels while the engine is cold. Low levels of either can cause engine problems if left unchecked. Consult the owner’s manual to locate both in your specific vehicle.
The air filter of your engine is what regulates the air flowing into your engine and helps prevent the entry of debris and particles. By ensuring that your air filter flows correctly, you can improve fuel efficiency, reduce emissions and help ensure the life of your engine. This can easily be done at home, so check the owner’s manual for instructions and how often it should be changed.
TIRE PRESSURE AND DEPTH
As well-maintained tires are an important part of safe and fuel-efficient driving, it is a habit to often visually inspect the tire. Check the tire pressure every month and before long trips or additional loads. Don’t forget to spare. A tire pressure gauge is required to check the tire pressure. Also, in the colder months, keep in mind that tire pressure drops by one pound with every drop of 10 degrees. In the instruction manual, you will find out how much air pressure your tire needs. You can check the profile depth using the simple Penny method.
HEADLIGHTS, TURN SIGNALS, BRAKE, AND PARKING LIGHTS
Your vehicle’s lights must work properly, but it can often be easy to ignore it. Once a month, turn on the headlights when parked in front of a flat surface and verify that both headlights are working properly and are well-positioned. Walk around your car and visually inspect the turn signals and sidelights. Let a friend stand behind the car when applying the brakes to ensure that the brake lights work.
The engine oil in your vehicle’s engine has several functions: it lubricates the moving parts, acts as a sealant against dirt, cools the engine, reduces wear and prevents corrosion of the engine. Cleanliness is crucial for good engine health. Depending on your car and the type of oil used, you may need to change both the oil and oil filter every 3 months or 3000 miles. Many new owner manuals will advise you to reduce the frequency of oil changes, usually between 5,000 and 10,000 miles. Please consult your owner’s manual and consult a professional to ensure that it is suitable for your vehicle.
Depending on the alignment of the vehicle, usage, and many other factors, the way the tread is worn on the tire may vary between the front and rear tires, and even from one side of the tread to the other. Rotating the tires can more evenly balance the wear of the tread and help prevent noise and vibration problems, which can help extend the life of the tires.
Making sure to wax your vehicle every six months after washing it will not only keep it shiny, but also help keep the paint in good condition and reduce the possibility of oxidation. . Many irritants such as dust, sand, and salt can build up and environmental factors like ozone and ultraviolet light can cause microscopic damage, but waxing can help minimize this by forming a protective seal to extend your paint’s life.
Like the oil in your engine, the transmission fluid is a lubricant that helps keep all moving parts within the transmission working properly. Whether you are driving an automatic or manual transmission car, it is important to have your transmission fluid tested and adjusted as required to avoid expensive damage or replacement to transmission. Follow the recommendations made by the vehicle manufacturer.
TRANSFER CASE FLUID
In vehicles with an all-wheel or all-wheel drive, the transfer case transfers the transmission power to the axles. You should check the fluid in the transfer case according to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations to ensure that it is properly filled and free of leaks. This requires that you step under the vehicle. It is therefore recommended to take it to a specialist.
CHECK SHOCKS AND POINTS
Your car’s shock absorbers and struts work to control the impact and rebound when your vehicle passes over the bumps in the road and is an essential part of your car’s steering system. They should be inspected by a professional every 50,000 miles or take your car to the workshop if you notice a decrease in softness or loss of control while driving.
COOLANT FLUID EXCHANGE
Your car’s radiator is a vital component that helps keep your engine cool and working properly. Making the cooling system rinse regularly will help remove contaminants that can accumulate inside, as well as ensure that the radiator is filled to an adequate level. Check your vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations for how often the coolant should be changed,
A spark plug on the engine ignites the mixture and eventually supplies air to your vehicle. If your spark plugs are not working properly, your engine will lose power and will not reach its optimal capacity. According to the recommendations of the vehicle manufacturer or when you feel a decrease in engine power, perform a professional inspection and replace the defective spark plug.
Although it looks like a simple piece of rubber, the serpentine belt of your vehicle is essential to keep your car running by feeding peripheral devices such as your alternator, power steering pump and air conditioning compressor. Visually inspect the belt to make sure it is free of cracks or other wear. Replace if damaged or following the recommendations of the manufacturer of your vehicle.
FRONT AND/OR REAR DIFFERENTIAL
The differentials are devices that share the torque or power of the engine and allow it to send power to the tires. For vehicles with front or rear-wheel drive there is only one differential, for vehicles with all-wheel and all-wheel drive there is a front and rear differential and possibly even a central differential. Like many parts of your vehicle, differentials must be kept lubricated to ensure proper functionality. Make a professional check and change the fluid every time the manufacturer of your vehicle recommends it.
The needs of your vehicle may vary depending on the season and driving conditions. The following are some suggestions to add to the notes section of your vehicle’s maintenance checklist:
REPLACE WINDSHIELD WIPERS
Windshield wipers should be replaced approximately once a year or when efficiency is compromised. In the winter months, it might also be a good idea to install winter brushes for optimal performance. You should also move the windshield wipers away from the window when it is parked during winter to avoid ice buildup.
CHECKING THE BATTERY PERFORMANCE
Car batteries are one of the most important parts of a vehicle’s normal operation. Car batteries provide a large amount of current to the car’s starters, engines and other electronic accessories. Your car battery is one of the most important components for the functioning of your vehicle. A car’s battery provides large amounts of electrical power to the vehicle’s starter, engine, and other electronic accessories.
Depending on where you live and driving conditions in winter, you may want to replace your tires with winter/snow tires in cold and snowy months. When the temperature fluctuates at or below the constant freezing point, the tire compounds in non-winter tires harden, which reduces traction and driving behavior and at the same time increases the braking distance. Winter tires have tread patterns and compounds that are designed to stay soft in the cold and hold in snow, sleet and ice.
CHECK COOLANT LEVELS
It is also important to check the levels of antifreeze in your radiator in the winter months to prevent the radiator or engine components from freezing. In general, a 50/50 mixture of water antifreeze is recommended, but consult the owner’s manual or a professional to make sure.